Earlier this week a dear friend shared a new word - it touched my heart so I wish to share it with all of you.
Tzedakah is a Hebrew word literally meaning justice or righteousness but commonly used to signify charity though it is a different concept than charity because tzedakah is an obligation and charity is typically understood as a spontaneous act of goodwill and a marker of generosity. In Judaism tzedakah refers to the religious obligation to do what is right and just, which Judaism emphasizes are important parts of living a spiritual life. Maimonides says that, while the second highest form of tzedakah is to give donations anonymously to unknown recipients, the highest form is to give a gift, loan, or partnership that will result in the recipient supporting himself instead of living upon others. Unlike philanthropy or charity, which is completely voluntary, tzedakah is seen as a religious obligation, which must be performed regardless of financial standing, and must even be performed by poor people. Tzedakah is considered to be one of the three main acts that can annul a less than favorable heavenly decree. In Islam, tzedakah term is the same with Islamic term Sadaqah or Saddka is an Islamic term that means "voluntary charity"